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  • Difference Between Depression and Repression

    Depression vs Repression

    These two words end with “ression” and start with DE or RE. Both are words in English and have differences between them.

    Now read the following Differences between Depression and Repression.

    Depression

    Depression is a mental state when a person is in low spirits, dejected and disappointed. A series of disappointments can make one depressed.
    Depression is also a geographical term, referring to the depression in seas.
    In contrast, repression means to suppress people, or groups of people by the use of force. Police repression is a common usage when autocrats or despots try to curb dissent.

    Depression may be described as feeling sad, blue, unhappy, miserable, or down in the dumps. Most of us feel this way at one time or another for short periods.

    Clinical depression is a mood disorder in which feelings of sadness, loss, anger, or frustration interfere with everyday life for a longer period of time. Medically, they are of various types. Anyway, it is not a thing to wish away. One must identify it early and seek counseling to ward it off.

    Low self-esteem is common with depression. It is also common to have sudden bursts of anger and a lack of pleasure from activities that normally make you happy, including sex.

    Depressed children may not have the same symptoms as adult depression. Watch for changes in school work, sleep, and behavior. If you wonder whether your child might be depressed, it’s worth talking to a health care provider.

    Repression

    Ity is a state of anxiety or dysfunction, although this may also be caused by the repression of one particularly traumatic incident.

    Repressed memories may appear through subconscious means and in altered forms, such as dreams or slips of the tongue (‘Freudian slips’).
    Example

    A child who is abused by a parent later has no recollection of the events, but has trouble forming relationships.

    A woman who found childbirth particularly painful continues to have children (and each time the level of pain is surprising).

    An optimist remembers the past with a rosy glow and constantly repeats mistakes.

    A man has a phobia of spiders but cannot remember the first time he was afraid of them.

    A person greets another with ‘pleased to beat you’ (the repressed idea of violence toward the other person creeping through).

    Repression (sometimes called motivated forgetting) is a primary ego defense mechanism since the other ego mechanisms use it in tandem with other methods. Thus defense is often ‘repression + ….’.

    Repression is unconscious. When we deliberately and consciously try to push away thoughts, this is suppression.

    In Freudian terminology, repression is the restraining of a cathexis by an anti-cathexis.

    It is not all bad. If all uncomfortable memories were easily brought to mind we would be faced with a non-stop pain of reliving them.

    To Freud, the goal of treatment, i.e., of psychoanalysis, was to bring repressed memories, fears and thoughts back to the conscious level of awareness.

    Repression is one of Anna Freud’s original defense mechanisms.

    Posted under: Terms
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